Our school’s Safeguarding Policy can be viewed as a document by clicking here
Mr Matt Thompson
0161 921 2262
Designated Safeguarding Lead
Mr Matt Thompson
0161 921 2262
Deputy Safeguarding Leads
Mrs Rebecca Clyne Miss Lisa Carney
0161 921 2264 0161 921 2265
Designated Looked After Children Lead
Mr Matt Thompson
0161 921 2262
Designated Mental Health Lead
Mrs Emily Mendham
0161 921 2259
Named Governor for Child Protection
Mr. Joseph Donnelly
via the school office 0161 921 2260
The Bridge Partnership for child protection referrals
0161 603 4500 or via email
GMP Public Protection Investigation Unit (PPIU)
0161 856 5171 or via email
for referrals/consultation about crime-related
Managing allegations against an employee or volunteer
0161 603 4350 / 4445
Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO)
Worried About a Child?
All reports or enquiries concerning the welfare or safety of a child must go straight to The Bridge Partnership on 0161 603 4500 as the first port of call. This applies to reports from council staff, the public, partners and outside agencies. All referrals and request for support concerning the welfare or safety of a child must go through the Bridge Partnership via the online Salford City Council’s portal and information hub for services to Children, Young people and families at https://childrensportalehm.salford.gov.uk/web/portal/pages/home
If a child is in immediate danger of being harmed, or if a child is home alone, the police should be called on 999.
Information on how this policy is updated
Updated information based on previous policy or updated based on KCSIE2021
School’s response to how the school will meet the requirements of KCSIE2021
This policy should be considered alongside school child protection procedures (Appendix 2) and other related policies in school. These are (for example)
- Core Values Policy
- School Pupils with Medical Needs
- School Security
- Staff Behaviour / Code of Conduct Policy
- Anti-bullying (including cyber ,homophobic and gender based bullying)
- Peer on Peer / Child on Child Abuse
- Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Policy
- Special Education Needs
- Health and Safety
- Online Safety and Mobile Technology (including Monitoring and Filtering policy)
- Appropriate use of technology
- DFE Guidance – Harmful online challenges and online hoaxes
- Safer Working Practice
- Educational Visits Policy
- Handling Allegations of Abuse Against Staff
- Safer Recruitment
- Children Missing Education
- Child Criminal Exploitation
- Gang Activity/Serious Youth Violence
- Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery
- Child Sexual Exploitation
- Female Genital Mutilation FGM
- Prevent Duty
- Emotional Well Being/Mental Health / Suicide/ Self Harm policies
- Healthy Relationships/SRE
- Self Harm Policy
- Search and Confiscate Policy
- Resolving Professional Disagreements, Effective Challenge and Escalation Policies
NB This list is not exhaustive. A copy of any of these policies is available and can be obtained by contacting the school office.
Whole school policy on safeguarding children
1.1. Brentnall Community Primary School is a primary school based in Salford. This policy sets out Brentnall Community Primary School’s commitment to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children who attend the school.
1.2. ‘Our school fully recognises the contribution it can make to protect children and support pupils in school and beyond’.
‘There are three main elements to our Safeguarding Policy’.
(e.g. positive school atmosphere, teaching and pastoral support to pupils).
(By following agreed procedures, ensuring staff are trained and supported to respond appropriately and sensitively to Child Protection concerns).
(To pupils and school staff and to children who may have been abused).
Children includes everyone under the age of 18.
This policy applies to all adults, including temporary staff, supply staff, volunteers and governors. The policy has been developed in accordance with the principles established by the Children Acts 1989 and 2004; Section 128 of the Education Act 2002; Education and Skills Act 2008 and in line with government publications: ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children’ 2018, Revised Safeguarding Statutory Guidance 2 ‘Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need, and their Families’ 2000, Information sharing advice for safeguarding practitioners (2018) and ‘What to do if You are Worried a Child is Being Abused’ 2015. The guidance reflects, ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’ September 2021 and ‘Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children in schools’ DFE September 2021
The Governing Board takes seriously its responsibility under section 175 of the Education Act 2002 to safeguard and promote the welfare of children; and to work together with other agencies to ensure adequate arrangements within our school to identify, assess and support those children who are suffering harm.
2.1. We recognise that high self- esteem, mental and physical health & wellbeing, confidence, peer support and clear lines of communication with trusted adults helps all children, and especially those at risk of or suffering harm from abuse or neglect.
Brentnall Community Primary School will therefore:
- Adopt the Salford Standards for Listening and establish/maintain an ethos where children feel secure, are encouraged to talk and are listened to.
These will be shared with staff and displayed in appropriate areas around school, especially where meetings with parents may take place. It will be the responsibility of the school member of staff to ensure that there are referred to at the start of a meeting. A copy is attached Appendix 1.
(b) Ensure that children know that there are adults in the school who they can approach if they are worried or are in difficulty.
This will be achieved through posters around school that show who the children can talk to and consistent reminders during PSHCE lessons, where this is an appropriate reminder. Vulnerable children or those identified by adults or pupil surveys are referred to the pastoral team for additional support.
(c) Establish and maintain an ethos where children are supported with their Emotional and Mental Well Being
Children are given opportunities to talk to adults in formal and informal sessions. Pupil surveys allow children to raise issues. Vulnerable children are referred to the pastoral team who allow pupils the time and space to discuss any issues of concern.
(d) Establish a whole school approach to recognising and responding to potential incidents of peer on peer sexual abuse and harassment; both in and out of school hours. Comprehensive and regular staff training will ensure a school culture that makes it clear that there is a zero tolerance approach to sexual harassment and sexualised behaviour, and it should never be passed off as “banter”, “just having a laugh” “part of growing up” or “boys being boys”. There will be robust systems of recording incidents that ensure evidence based review and response. This philosophy will be adopted and promoted by everyone in the school, and inappropriate behaviours will be consistently challenged. We will proactively educate our pupils about relationships, respect and boundaries through the RSHE programme and all staff will reassure pupils that they will be taken seriously and supported. Pupil surveys will be carried out on a termly basis to measure the effectiveness of our approach. These will be reviewed and results shared with the HT and SLT.
(e) Include in the curriculum, activities and opportunities for PSHE and Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education and Health Education, to equip children with the skills they need to stay safe and/or communicate their fears or concerns about abuse and are taught about Safeguarding, together with online safety, the risks of cybercrime and cyberbullying (including when they are online at home) are taught within the PSHE and relationships Curriculum and also in the Computing curriculum, stalking and mate crime, as part of providing a broad and balanced curriculum.
The school will seek support from outside agencies and charities to ensure that our staff training and curriculum is proactive. Parents will be informed as and when new warnings regarding e-safety are received, these can be found on the school website.
(f) Include in the curriculum, material which will help children develop realistic attitudes to the responsibilities of adult life, particularly with regard to childcare and parenting skills.
These are taught within the PSHEC curriculum and are age appropriate and progressive.
(g) Ensure that every effort will be made to establish effective working relationships with parents and practitioners from other agencies.
Weekly safeguarding meetings are held within school and termly meetings with the Early help co-ordinator. The school has an open-door policy towards other agencies include social care, medical support staff such as MacMillan nurses. Where possible meetings are held in school to support parents with access.
(h) Ensure that there are systems in place to ensure parents are encouraged to contribute views and ideas related to developments of the school within the community.
Community links are encouraged through our school community notice board, parents are also encouraged to seek support from Broughton Hub who offer a wide range of courses and workshops
(g) Ensure all staff are aware that technology is a significant component in many safeguarding and wellbeing issues and that children are at risk of abuse online as well as face to face in daily life.
Staff receive training on a regular basis with additional weekly 7- minute briefing being emailed to ensure staff’s knowledge is up to date and current. Safe guarding training includes up to date information that is relevant to our community including gang culture.
2.2 Everyone who comes into contact with children and their families has a role to play in safeguarding children. School staff are particularly important as they are in a position to identify concerns early and provide help for children, to prevent concerns from escalating. The School staff form part of the wider safeguarding system for children. This system is described in statutory guidance Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018. The Schools will work with social care, the police, health services and other services to promote the welfare of children and protect them from harm. This includes providing a co-ordinated offer of early help when additional needs of children are identified and contributing to inter-agency plans to provide additional support to children subject to child protection plans.
The school has a well-developed relationship with The Local Early Help co-ordinator and workers. The school is an ’Operation Encompass’ school and a ‘Malmo’ school both of which allow information to be shared with the school. The school has a named school nurse.
2.3 The Education and Inspections Act 2006 states, ‘all schools must have measures to encourage good behaviour and prevent all forms of bullying amongst pupils’. This Act also gives head teachers the ability to ensure that pupils behave when they are not on school premises or under the lawful control of school staff.
The school regularly receive updates from the police regards ant-social behaviour in the local area. The school has been proactive addressing peer pressure and gang affiliation with our older children.
2.4 Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is everyone’s responsibility. Everyone who comes into contact with children and their families and carers has a role to play in safeguarding children. In order to fulfil this responsibility effectively, all professionals should make sure their approach is child-centred and contextual. This means that they should consider, at all times, what is in the best interestsof the child including the wider environmental factors and influences and extra-familial harms that are present in a child’s life that are a threat to their safety and/or welfare. The development of appropriate multi-agency procedures and the monitoring of good practice are the responsibilities of the Salford Safeguarding Children Partnership (SSCP).
All staff and visitors are informed on entry to the building by posters at the entrance. These name the safeguarding team- the office can contact a member of the team at any time. Names and contact details are also available on the school website.
Roles and Responsibilities
3.1 (Suggestion) All adults working with or on behalf of children have a responsibility to protect children. There are, however, key people within schools and the Local Authority who have specific responsibilities under Safeguarding and child protection procedures. The names of those carrying these responsibilities in the school for the current year are listed in the key contracts section on page 2 of this document.
Designated Safeguarding Lead
3.2 Governing Bodies and proprietors will appoint an appropriate senior member of staff, from the school leadership team, to the role of designated safeguarding lead. The designated safeguarding lead will take lead responsibility for safeguarding and child protection. This will be explicit in the role-holder’s job description and will describe the broad areas of responsibility and activities related to the role (as outlined in Annex C of Keeping Children Safe in Education September 2021).
The school will make an amendment to the job description of the designated safeguarding lead.
The role of the designated safeguarding lead carries a significant level of responsibility, and they should be given the additional time, funding, training, resources and support they need to carry out the role effectively. Their additional responsibilities include providing advice and support to other staff on child welfare, safeguarding and child protection matters, to have an overview of the attendance,attainment and progress of all pupils who are recognised as a Child in Need or have an allocated Social Worker, to take part in strategy discussions and inter-agency meetings – and/or to support other staff to do so – and to contribute to the assessment of children.
It is a matter for the individual school as to whether they choose to have one or more deputy designated safeguarding lead(s). Any deputies will be trained to the same standard as the designated safeguarding lead.
Whilst the activities of the designated safeguarding lead can be delegated to appropriately trained deputies, the ultimate lead responsibility for safeguarding and child protection, as set out, remains with the designated safeguarding lead. This responsibility will not be delegated
The Head Teacher and Named Governor will appoint a Designated Safeguarding Lead and Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead(s) to the role provided that the appointment is made in the context of:
- proven and documented competency on the part of the appointee
The school will record all training related to safeguarding and will proactively seek training in relation to issues that are relevant to our school community e.g FGM, Witchcraft, cultural abuse.
- robust arrangements for the Designated Safeguarding Lead to liaise directly with the Head Teacher about child protection and safeguarding issues, including one to ones on a regular basis
All cpoms reports are emailed to HT/DHT and Safeguarding Lead. Weekly meetings will take place to enable Safeguarding lead to discuss ongoing cases. Safeguarding is a standard point on the SLT agenda.
- sufficient direction and support given to the appointee so that they are recognised within the school community as fulfilling this role with confidence and competence.
- a clear school safeguarding policy that sets out for all stakeholders the respective roles and other arrangements for safeguarding in the school.
- The role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead is to:
- Ensure they receive:
- SSCP training to provide them with the knowledge and skills required to carry out the role.Training will provide designated safeguarding leads with a good understanding of their own role, how to identify, understand and respond to specific needs that can increase the vulnerability of children, as well as specific harms that can put children at risk, and the processes, procedures and responsibilities of other agencies, particularly children’s social care
- Refresher training at two yearly intervals to keep knowledge and skills up to date
- Prevent awareness training.
- In addition to their formal training, as set out above, update their knowledge and skills, (for example via e- bulletins, meeting other designated safeguarding leads, or taking time to read and digest safeguarding developments), at regular intervals, but at least annually, to keep up with any developments relevant to their role.
The school will record notes of e- bulletins, meeting other designated safeguarding leads and share these with HT/SLT
- Work with the headteacher and relevant strategic leads, taking lead responsibility for promoting educational outcomes by knowing the welfare, safeguarding and child protection issues that children in need are experiencing, or have experienced, and identifying the impact that these issues might be having on children’s attendance, engagement and achievement at school. This includes:
- ensuring that the school knows who its cohort of children who have or have had a social worker are, understanding their academic progress and attainment, and maintaining a culture of high aspirations for this cohort;
- supporting teaching staff to provide additional academic support or reasonable adjustments to help children who have or have had a social worker reach their potential, recognising that even when statutory social care intervention has ended, there is still a lasting impact on children’s educational outcomes.
The school will ensure that ACES are recorded on cpoms, that PEP plans are written and reviewed termly. The DHT will ensure smart targets are academically challenging and progress is aspirational.
- During term time the designated lead and/or a deputy will always be available, during school/college hours, for staff to discuss any safeguarding concerns. As It is a matter for the individual school/college and the designated safeguarding lead they will arrange adequate and appropriate cover arrangements for any out of hours/out of term activities.
The HT and DHT both of whom are part of the safeguarding team can be contacted at any time.
- Ensure each member of staff has access to, and understands, the school’s child protection policy and procedures, especially new and part time staff. Temporary staff (including supply staff), and volunteers are made aware of the school’s arrangements for safeguarding children and the Greater Manchester and Salford Safeguarding Children Procedures, at commencement of work.
The induction of staff will include Safeguarding and be carried out by a member of the safeguarding team, the induction meeting will be supported by documentation- staff will sign to show they have read and understood the information. Where people struggle to read due to EAL or a disability, the safeguarding team member will ensure that each document is read to and explained.
- Work with governing body to ensure the school’s child protection policy is reviewed annually (as a minimum) and the procedures and implementation are updated and reviewed regularly.
The Safeguarding governor will meet regularly with the safeguarding lead.
- Ensure the child protection policy is available publicly and parents are aware of the fact that referrals about suspected abuse or neglect may be made and the role of the school has in this.
- New staff receive safeguarding and child protection training at induction and make sure all staff make sure staff are aware of any training opportunities and the latest local policies on local safeguarding arrangements.
- Understand the assessment process for providing early help and statutory intervention, including local criteria for action and local authority children’s social care referral arrangements.
- Have a working knowledge of how local authorities conduct a child protection case conference and a child protection review conference and be able to attend and contribute to these effectively when required to do so.
The induction of staff will include Safeguarding and be carried out by a member of the safeguarding team, the induction meeting will be supported by documentation- staff will sign to show they have read and understood the information. Where people struggle to read due to EAL or a disability, the safeguarding team member will ensure that each document is read to and explained
- Decide upon the appropriate level of response to specific concerns about a child e.g. discuss with parents, or refer case as required of suspected abuse and neglect to the to the Bridge Partnership;to the Channel programme where there is a radicalisation concern, where a crime has been committed to the police and support staff who make referrals to children’s social care and to the Channel programme.
The Safeguarding Team will liaise with each other, offering challenge to each other- this will be recorded on cpoms.
- Ensure that the Head Teacher is kept fully informed of any concerns – especially ongoing enquiries under section 47 of the Children Act 1989 and police investigations.
The Safeguarding Team will meet weekly, all cpoms notifications are shared with the Head Teacher and Deputy Head teacher
- Act as a point of contact with the safeguarding partners.
- Ensure that the SSCP Challenge and Escalation policy is shared with all staff and how it is used, by the school, when professional disagreements about a child cannot be resolved.
- Liaise with staff (especially teachers, pastoral support staff, school nurses, IT Technicians, senior mental health leads and special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs and Senior Mental Health Leads) on matters of safety and safeguarding and welfare (including online and digital safety) and when deciding whether to make a referral by liaising with relevant agencies so that children’s needs are considered holistically.
The Safeguarding team will when required instruct appropriate staff to include additional digital safety lessons to the curriculum, this maybe for an individual, group of or whole class instruction. Support will be given to the staff member to ensure necessary information is taught.
- Liaise with the Mental Health Lead and, where available, The Mental Health Support Team within the school, where safeguarding concerns are linked to mental healt
The Mental Health lead and Safeguarding Team will liaise to ensure a comprehensive support package for a pupil or family.
- Ensure that accurate safeguarding records relating to individual children are kept up to date and separate from the academic file in a secure place, marked ‘Strictly Confidential’ and are passed securely should the child transfer to a new provision. The originating school should consider whether it needs to retain a copy of the records (for example, if a sibling continues to attend the school). If a copy is retained the reason for this should be recorded.
Regular Safeguarding audits will be carried out.
- Ensure that the school effectively monitors children about whom there are concerns, including notifying the Early Help School Coordinator. It is important to notify Social Care, when there is an unexplained absence of more than two days for a child who is the subject of a child protection plan
- Understand the lasting impact the adversity and trauma can have including on children’s behaviour, mental health and emotional well-being and academic attainment and what is needed in responding to this in promoting educational outcomes. Ensure all staff are provided with training to understand and recognise Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE’s) and the negative impact they can have.
ACE’s training is offered to all staff, ACE’s are recorded on cpoms. Information maybe historical but is recorded to ensure the best outcome for the child.
- Understand and support the school with regards to the requirements of the Prevent duty and are able to provide advice and support to staff on protecting children from the risk of radicalisation
- Recognise the additional risks that children with SEN and disabilities (SEND) face online, for example, from online bullying, grooming and radicalisation and are confident they have the capability to support SEND children to stay safe online.
- Understand the unique risks associated with online safety and be confident that they have the relevant knowledge and up to date capability required to keep children safe whilst they are online at school or working on-line at home
- Promote supportive engagement with parents and/or carers in safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, including where families may be facing challenging circumstances.
- Encourage a culture of listening to children and taking account of their wishes and feelings, among all staff, and in any measures the school may put in place to protect them.
Pupil surveys termly allow children to express concerns in addition to well-being time and free access to staff outside of the classroom.
- Understand the difficulties that children may have in approaching staff about their circumstances and consider how to build trusted relationships which facilitate communication.
Children will have a range of ways of communicating their wishes and feelings e.g. feeling fans, emotional diaries, small group work, wishes and feelings documents, surveys.
Designated Looked After Children Lead
3..4 Governing Bodies of maintained schools and proprietors of academy schools must appoint a designated teacher to promote the educational achievement of children who are looked after and to ensure that this person has appropriate training.( refer to the Looked After Children Policy and Procedures for more detail)
- The Designated Looked After Children Lead needs to work in partnership with the Designated Safeguarding Lead, The Mental Health Lead, and the Virtual School Head to ensure the safeguarding vulnerabilities for Looked After Children are appropriately met. In addition the Virtual School Head receives pupil premium plus additional funding based on the latest published numbers of children looked after in the authority. In maintained schools and academies the Looked After Children Designated Lead should work with the virtual school head to discuss how that funding can be best used to support the progress of looked after children in the school and meet the needs identified in the child’s personal education plan.
The school will ensure PEPs are reviewed termly and liaise with outside agencies, teaching staff and the virtual school, PEPs will be recorded on cpoms and shared with the virtual school.
- Governing bodies, management committees and proprietors must ensure that they comply with their duties under legislation. They must have regard to the Keeping Children Safe in Education 2021 guidance, ensuring that Safeguarding policies, procedures and training in their schools or colleges are effective and comply with the law at all times
Named Governor for Child Protection
3.6 Governing bodies and proprietors should have a senior board level (or equivalent) lead to take leadership responsibility for their school’s safeguarding arrangements. The role of the Named Governor is key to ensuring that the Governing Board fulfils its responsibilities in respect of safeguarding children. The Named Governor should therefore ensure that the school:
- Has an effective safeguarding children policy in place that follows local procedures. This must include procedures to minimise the risk of peer on peer sexual harassment and abuse. Policies should be reviewed annually.
- Completes and records the outcome of a Section 128 check for all Governors in non-regulated activity
- Recruits staff and volunteers in line with safer recruitment processes.
- Has procedures for dealing with allegations of abuse made against staff, including supply staff and volunteers.
- Has a designated senior member of staff for dealing with safeguarding children issues.
- Ensure that all staff receive regular safeguarding and child protection updates, including online, via email, e-bulletins, staff meetings) as required, but at least This should provide them with relevant skills and knowledge to safeguard children effectively, both on-line and in their daily life.
- Ensure that those staff who work directly with children read at least Part one and Annex B of this guidance and have the mechanisms in place to assist staff to understand and discharge their role and responsibilities as set out in Part one of Keeping Children Safe in Education.
- Provides regular quality assurance reports to the Governing Board in relation to policy, procedures, audits and Section 11 statutory requirements.
- Liaises with the Headteacher to ensure that deficiencies in safeguarding arrangements are remedied without delay.
3.7 The Headteacher has prime responsibility for leading the school in fulfilling the ethos and policies set down by the Governing Board, including those set out above in the responsibilities for the Named Governor.
3.8 In such a role the Headteacher will ensure that safeguarding is central to whole school policy and practice, embedded in the delivery of the curriculum and in all systems for managing the school.
3.9 Part of the means of demonstrating such leadership is in attending SSCP training on a regular basis and at least every 2 years. Such leadership is also demonstrated by embedding safeguarding awareness into the school’s organisational development and training programmes.
3.10 The Headteacher will have clear policies and procedures for dealing with all levels of allegations against staff. These will be inline with SSCP/ Local Authority policies and will be disseminated to all staff and governors.
The school will ensure policies and procedures are accessibility to all staff by displaying them in prominent places e.g. staff rooms, staff kitchens.
Procedures – Early Intervention
Policies – We follow the Greater Manchester Safeguarding Procedures adopted by SSCP. The procedures provide a framework within which all agencies and professionals can work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people across Greater Manchester.
It is recommended that the school registers for alerts to automatically receive notification when the manual is updated. The school can also subscribe to receive free Policy Briefings or Practice Guides.
We take account of local supporting pathway guidance and additional policies from Salford Safeguarding Children’s Partnership.
- ‘It is very important that practitioners intervene as early as possible if a child or young person has additional needs, and services can help in meeting these needs. Such action can help prevent problems becoming child protection concerns. The Early Help Assessment (previously Family Assessment) is a tool for the early help assessment of need at level 2 of the Salford Thresholds of Need and Response Model https://safeguardingchildren.salford.gov.uk
Salford’s Early Help Strategy sits alongside Thresholds of Need and Response on the SSCP website https://safeguardingchildren.salford.gov.uk.
For more about the Early Help Assessment go to https://www.salford.gov.uk/caf The What is an Early Help Assessment form? page contains a copy of the Thresholds of Need.
- ‘The Anti-Bullying Policy ensures that we foster a culture of safety throughout the school where children and young people are able to alert us to any incidents of bullying, cyberbullying, prejudice-based and discriminatory bullying and be confident that they will be dealt with effectively. The Anti Bullying Policy also enables us to prevent issues escalating to safeguarding concerns.’
The school will ensure the wider curriculum is reviewed annually and is proactive addressing issues such as e.g. hate crimes, stereotyping the associated dangers, gender bias, cyber crimes and how to report issues in school and at home.
Procedures – Child Protection
- ‘Where it is identified that a child is suffering from, or is at risk of significant harm, we will follow the child protection procedures set out by the Salford Safeguarding Children Partnership
- In implementing the Brentnall Community Primary School policies and procedures on Safeguarding and Child Protection the following points should be considered:
- The Headteacher will ensure that the policies relating to safeguarding will be implemented and monitored on an on-going basis with annual evaluation of effectiveness and review. The Review will be presented as an annual item to the Governing Board.
- All staff will be aware that safeguarding incidents and/or behaviours can be associated with factors outside the school and/or can occur between children outside of these environments. All staff will consider whether children are at risk of abuse or exploitation in situations outside their families. Extra-familial harms take a variety of different forms and children can be vulnerable to multiple harms including (but not limited to) sexual exploitation, criminal exploitation, and serious youth violence. All staff and governors will be kept informed about the Contextual Safeguarding approaches the school is deploying to safeguard and protect all pupils, and especially the most at risk and vulnerable pupils within the school.
- All staff and governors will be kept informed about child protection procedures using a variety of means such as staff meetings, Inset Days, one-to-ones and briefings in various forms.
- At induction new and/or temporary staff should be made aware of and provided with copies of the following policies and procedures within school, with clarity about how safeguarding fits into whole school policy.
- the child protection policy;
- the behaviour policy;
- the staff behaviour policy (sometimes called a code of conduct);
- the safeguarding response to children who go missing from education;
- the role of the designated safeguarding lead (including the identity of the designated safeguarding lead and any deputies).
- Part 1 and Annex B of Keeping Children Safe in Education 2021
- All existing staff including teachers, teaching assistants, administrators, welfare and ancillary staff, will be made aware of and provided with copies of Keeping Children Safe in Education 2021 Part 1 and Annex B as well as any updated school policies and procedures.
- As well as teachers (including supply teachers) all other staff in school, such as teaching assistants, administrators, welfare staff, kitchen staff etc will receive the core training on safeguarding and an induction that is specific to their role; including knowing what to do if there are child protection concerns.
- Parents will be informed of the school’s duties and responsibilities under the policy and procedures in a range of ways that reflects diverse ability to use methods of communication. Therefore, as well as the use of general methods (such as a Statement in the School brochure or information pack; website features; one-to-one conversations; use of audio facilities and online technology etc) consideration should also be given to the ability of parents to access these. For example, a notice of the availability of the policy could be displayed in the reception area.
The School’s Child Protection Procedures are shared on the staff shared drive, SLT notice boards and in easy to access areas, e.g staff rooms
Training and Support
6.1 (Suggestion) ‘Our school will ensure that the Designated Safeguarding Lead, Deputy Safeguarding Leads, all staff working in the school and the nominated governor for Child Protection attend training relevant to their role on at least an annual basis, including email, e-bulletins, staff meetings, Whole School Safeguarding Training, Prevent Training, online safety, and Multi Agency Child Protection training within this timescale.’
All staff, (including temporary and supply) who at the present at the start of each term will attend safeguarding training. Where staff are absent or not in role, safeguarding training is available virtually on the staff hard drive. All staff will receive weekly safeguarding updates as part of the weekly staff briefing- this is in the form of a 7- minute format to aid accessibility.
The school will ensure any learning from Serious Case Review will be disseminated to all staff via a read receipt email.
All staff will be offered supervision following a safeguarding concerns, this will include members safeguarding team. The HT/DHT will ensure staff who request support are referred to external agencies for additional support.
Prescribed Whole School and Designated Safeguarding Lead Safeguarding Training Requirements
- There is an agreed set of prescribed training requirements in Salford for school staff, as follows:
- All School Staff – All school staff who do not have designated lead responsibility for child protection are required to undertake SSCP approved training to promote and safeguard the welfare of children and young people every 18 months.
This is currently available through the Whole School Safeguarding Service Level Agreement (SLA) purchased through The School Workforce Development Officer in Children’s Services.
As safeguarding is ‘everybody’s’ responsibility, all staff in the school should know who to contact if they are concerned about a child or young person. It is therefore important to ensure all new staff receive appropriate training and induction so that they clearly understand their roles and responsibilities.
- Designated Safeguarding Lead and Deputy(s) – As a minimum the Designated Safeguarding Lead and Deputies should attend the SSCP 2 day Foundation Course preferably prior or as soon as possible after beginning the role of Designated Person. This training will provide the designated safeguarding leads with a good understanding of their own role, and the processes, procedures and responsibilities of other agencies, particularly children’s social care in the safeguarding continuum.
The Foundation Training should be refreshed every 2 years with the half day SSCP Refresher Safeguarding Update Course. Depending upon the circumstances of the school, Ofsted may require that the Designated Person(s) attend additional Refresher training.
Designated Safeguarding Leads and Deputy Lead(s) are required to keep their knowledge and skills up to date on an annual basis.
The Whole School Safeguarding SLA delivers termly, SSCP approved, two hour seminars which provide suitable updates for designated persons to refresh skills and knowledge. (Schools may have to have purchased the Whole School Safeguarding SLA to be eligible to attend these seminars)
After attending the Foundation Course (or equivalent) the Designated Lead and Deputies should also consider accessing the following courses as relevant to the circumstances of the school, in line with SSCP annual priorities and national priorities.
- Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE’s) and Childhood Trauma
- Early Help Assessment
- Contextual Safeguarding
- Child Sexual Exploitation
- Communicating with Children
- Core Group
- Online Safety and Mobile Technology – including online challenges and hoaxes
- Cyberbullying and Cybercrime
- Child Gambling
- Adolescent to Parent Violence
- Domestic Abuse
- Self Harm
- Female Genital Mutilation, Honour Based Abuse, Breast Ironing, Infant Oral Mutilation
- Parental Mental Health
- Parental Substance Use
- Rapid Response to a Child Death
- Sexual Abuse
- Child Sexual Exploitation
- Preventing Radicalisation/WRAP Training
- Equality and Diversity and Sexual Orientation
- Gangs and Youth Violence, Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE) and County Lines
- Violent Crime, including Gangs and Knife Crime
- ‘Upskirting” which is a criminal offence under The Voyeurism Offences Act – April .2019
- Witchcraft and Spiritual Possession
- Trafficking and Modern Slavery
- Illegal Money Lending
- Safeguarding and Healthy Relationships
- Peer on Peer/Child on Child abuse
- Sexually Harmful Behaviour, Sexual Harassment
- Stalking and Mate Crime
- Emotional Well Being and Positive Mental Health
- Any additional training or events relating to serious case reviews*
SSCP recommend that the Named Governor for Safeguarding at least accesses basic awareness training and additional training relevant to their role and specific circumstances of the school.
For the latest SSCP courses, seminars and e-learning courses please visit: https://safeguardingchildren.salford.gov.uk/professionals/multi-agency-training/courses/
The school will ensure a record of training is kept. Safeguarding staff will ensure that information is shared will the whole safeguarding team – copies of notes/emails/training resources are stored on the staff drive.
Information Sharing and Confidentiality
Schools must have due regard to the relevant data protection principals which allow them to share personal information, as provided for in the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
7.1 (Suggestion) ‘Information sharing and Confidentiality are issues which need to be discussed and fully understood by all those working with children, particularly in the context of child protection’.
The school will ensure information regarding the basic principles regarding confidentiality are visible to all visitors. The induction process will include safeguarding policies and procedures, including the following;
- Why a teacher never guarantee confidentiality to a child?
- What should they say to a child who asks the adult to keep a secret and how should the child be advised that the information may need to be shared with others?
- Who should be given information relating to a child about whom there are concerns and who should not be given this information?
- The legal responsibility related to confidential information that should only be shared with those who need to be involved, in line with statutory requirements in Keeping Children Safe in Education?
- Who should be contacted under the SSCP procedures?
- Practitioners work together best to safeguard children where there is an exchange of relevant information between them. Normally, personal information should only be disclosed to third parties (including other agencies) with the consent of the subject of that information (Data Protection Act 2018, European Convention on Human Rights, Article 8). However, fears about sharing information cannot be allowed to stand in the way of the need to promote the welfare and protect the safety of children. Wherever possible, consent should be obtained before sharing personal information with third parties but may be waived in the circumstances set out below.
- In some circumstances, achieving consent may not be possible or desirable but the safety and welfare of a child dictate that the information should be shared. The law permits the disclosure of confidential information necessary to safeguard a child or children. Disclosure should be justifiable in each case, according to the particular facts of the case, and legal advice should be sought if in doubt.
- Where consent cannot be obtained to share information, or consent is refused, or where seeking it may undermine the prevention, detection, or prosecution of a crime, the practitioner must judge from the facts whether there is enough public interest to justify sharing information. A concern in relation to protecting a child from significant harm, promoting the welfare of children, protecting adults from serious harm or preventing crime and disorder are all well within public interest.
- The Public Interest test means that practitioners must decide whether sharing information is a necessary and proportionate response to the need to protect the child in question. The decision- making process must weigh up what might happen if the information is shared against what might happen if it is not shared. Schools should identify their scheme of delegation for such decision making. However, it should also be clear that every practitioner has a professional responsibility to share information without delay when there are concerns about harm to a child and GDPR regulations should never be a barrier to Safeguarding Children and Young People
- Further guidance on information sharing and for staff who have to make decisions about sharing information can be found at:
Records and monitoring
- (Suggestion) ‘Well-kept records are essential to good child protection practice. Our school is clear about the need to record any concerns held about a child or children within our school, the status of such records and when these records, or parts thereof, should be shared with other agencies.’ All records relating to individual Child Protection and Safeguarding concerns must be held securely, kept confidential, with limited access (to who?) and kept separate from the child/young person’s academic file.
- All records will include
- a clear and comprehensive summary of the concern;
- details of how the concern was followed up and resolved;
- a note of any action taken, decisions reached and the outcome.
- Past concerns for children, and what happened in response to the concerns can be very important information for staff members who may have concerns for the child at a later time.
- Record Retention – Child Protection records must be retained by all educational establishments until the child’s 25th Birthday, unless the records are transferred to a new establishment when the child transfers to a new provision.
- Where children leave the school (including in year transfers) the designated safeguarding lead should ensure their child protection file is transferred to the new school or college as soon as possible, and within 5 days for an in-year transfer or within the first 5 days of the start of a new term. This should be transferred separately from the main pupil file, ensuring secure transit, and confirmation of receipt should be obtained.
When receiving child protection files for a child starting at the school, key staff (such as designated safeguarding leads and SENCOs) will be made aware as required.
Lack of information about their circumstances can impact on the child’s safety, welfare
and educational outcomes. In addition to the child protection file, the designated
safeguarding lead will also consider if it would be appropriate to share any additional
information with the new school or college in advance of a child leaving to help them put in place the right support to safeguard this child and to help the child thrive in the school or college.
- The originating school should consider whether it needs to retain a copy of the records (for example, if a sibling continues to attend the school). If a copy is retained the reason for this should be recorded.
The school will record all safeguarding and behaviour issues/concerns/niggles on cpoms.
Staff will ensure information is shared immediately with a member of the safeguarding team and then recorded by the end of the school day on cpoms.
Staff will receive an update or action within 24 hours.
The schools cpoms system has dedicated sections for concerns about peer on peer sexual harassment, sexual abuse and sexually inappropriate language and actions.
Staff will challenge inappropriate language and actions sharing actions using cpoms.
This information will be shared with parents.
- The Child protection records; are they kept separate from other school Records. The Child Protection file will be stored securely under lock and key and only the DSP/backup DSP should have access to them – this is in 1 central place within school.
- Gate-keeping procedures are in place to ensure that staff do not have open access, the files are kept in a locked cabinet within a locked room.
- Teacher-held notes will only identify children by initials. Details will be minimal, detailed notes will only be recorded on cpoms.
- Staff will record niggles on cpoms
- The Safeguarding team will provide feedback and actions to staff. Information may be shared on a need to know basis.
- The Safeguarding lead will collate concerns and these will be discussed on a weekly basis.
- Staff receive training regarding recording safeguarding concerns and is consistent with the Freedom of Information Act 2000.
- If a child transfers or leaves the school, information is shared on request by the receiving school. Many schools use cpoms so information sharing is done by encryption. The safeguarding team will share information with the safeguarding team from the receiving school or establishment. This should be where possible before the child transfers so that transition, where this is not possible information will be shared within 24 hours.
- ‘Bullying, including cyberbullying, prejudice-based and discriminatory bullying incidents are recorded and reviewed and the information is used to inform and enhance the whole school approach to all forms of anti-bullying strategies and responses within the school.
It is good practice for schools to undertake a case file audit on an annual basis to ensure that recording of safeguarding concerns is effective, the annual audit will be carried out by an outside agency to ensure challenge.
Child protection conferences
- The Child Protection conference is a meeting to discuss concerns about the care of a child. Its main purpose is to see whether the child is at risk of harm and, if so, to agree what needs to be done to reduce this risk. The Conference can decide to make the child the subject of a Child Protection Plan.
- Children are made the subject of a Child Protection Plan when they are thought to be at risk of harm. This might be from physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse or neglect. It helps to keep a check on the work being done with these children. The Plan contains basic details of the children and their families. It is held securely by Children’s Social Care and information from it is only given to authorised people.
- The Designated Safeguarding Lead will advise school staff on the preparation of reports for child protection conferences, participation in core groups and carrying out specific tasks with the child and family as identified in the child protection plan.
- Further advice and support for school staff on participating in child protection meetings is also available from the Salford Children’s Services Safeguarding Unit on 0161 603 4350
Supporting pupils at risk
- Our school recognises that children who experience harm or trauma through abuse, neglect or through witnessing domestic abuse may find it difficult to develop a sense of self-worth and to view the world in a positive way.
- Our school fosters a culture of safety through the development of an Anti-Bullying Policy where children and young people feel confident to report any incidents of bullying including cyberbullying, prejudice-based and discriminatory bullying, sexual harassment, or inappropriate sexualised behaviour, homophobic, biphobic and transgender bullying
- This school may be the only stable, secure and predictable element in the lives of children at risk. Whilst at school, their behaviour may still be challenging and defiant. In response there may be steps taken to consider suspension or exclusion from school. Such steps should be taken in the context of considering the needs of the child. Where appropriate an Early Help Assessment should be carried out (with the consent of the parent/carer and/or young person). The Early Help Locality School Coordinators are available for support prior to starting an Early Help Assessment and to clarify if a previous Early Help or Family Assessment has already been completed.
10.4 It is also recognised that some children who have experienced abuse may in turn abuse others. This requires a considered, sensitive approach in order that the child can receive appropriate help and support and that other children are protected from harm.
10.5 This school will endeavour to support pupils through:
(a) The curriculum, to encourage self-esteem and self-motivation;
(b) The school ethos, which promotes a positive, supportive and secure environment and which gives all pupils and adults a sense of being respected and valued;
(c) The implementation of school behaviour management policies
(d) The implementation of a Peer on Peer Abuse policy
(e) A consistent approach, which recognises and separates the cause of behaviour from that which the child displays. This is vital to ensure that all children are supported within the school setting;
(f) Regular liaison with other practitioners and agencies that support the pupils and their families, in-line with appropriate information sharing protocols;
(g) A commitment to develop productive, supportive relationships (i.e. to work in partnership) with parents/carers whenever possible and so long as it is in the child’s best interests to do so;
(h) The development and support of a responsive and knowledgeable staff group trained to respond appropriately in child protection situations.
10.6 Children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) or certain health conditions, can face additional safeguarding challenges. Our Governing Board (and proprietors) are committed to ensuring the safeguarding and child protection policy reflects the fact that additional barriers can exist when recognising abuse amongst this group of children. This can include:
- assumptions that indicators of possible abuse such as behaviour, mood and injury relate to the child’s disability without further exploration;
- these children being more prone to peer group isolation or bullying (including prejudice-based bullying) than other children;
- children with SEND or certain medical conditions can be disproportionally impacted by things like bullying – without outwardly showing any signs; and
- communication barriers and difficulties in overcoming these barriers”.
The school will ensure that SEND pupils are provided with the resources and means to communicate their wishes and feelings. Where children are non-verbal staff will record changes in behaviour, as we recognise this may be a way of children communicating concerns.
- It must also be stressed that in a home environment where there is domestic abuse, drug or alcohol misuse, children may also be particularly vulnerable and in need of support or protection.
The school has adopted Operation Encompass for processes and procedures – refer to Annex 7
10.8 We are committed to actively promoting the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.Through the implementation of our school Statement of Core Values the pupils are encouraged to develop and demonstrate skills and attitudes that will allow them to participate fully in and contribute positively to life in modern Britain
There is a current threat from terrorism in the UK and this can include the exploitation of vulnerable young people, aiming to involve them in terrorism or to be active in supporting terrorism All staff seek have due regard to the need to prevent people from being radicalised and drawn into terrorism and extremism, including INCEL, Anti-Semitism and Right Wing Extremism. To achieve this, we will draw upon The Prevent Duty Guidance, DfE Guidance “Keeping Children Safe in Education, 2021”; and specifically Home Office Resources “Learning Together to be Safe”, “Prevent: Resources Guide”, “Tackling Extremism in the UK”, EFT ‘Prevent for FE and Training and DfE’s “Teaching Approaches that help Build Resilience to Extremism among Young People” and “Education Against Hate” on-line resources
The school recognises the community it serves and the community in which it is located. The HT/DHT will ensure additional training/resources/procedures will be implemented as and when the threat level changes.
When operating this policy, we will use the following accepted Governmental definition of extremism which is:
‘Vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs; and/or calls for the death of members in our armed forces, whether in this country or oversees’.
Staff will have training that gives them knowledge and confidence to identify children at risk of being drawn into terrorism, and to challenge extremist ideologies. Being drawn into terrorism includes not just violent but non-violent extremism, which can create an atmosphere conducive to terrorism and can popularise views which terrorists can exploit.
All staff seek to protect children and young people against the messages of all violent extremism including but not restricted to those linked to Islam ideology, Far Right/Neo Nazi/White Supremacist ideology/Incel/Anti-Semitism etc.
Concerns should be referred to the Designated Child Protection Person who has local contact details for Prevent and Channel referrals. They will also consider whether circumstances require the police to be contacted. https://safeguardingchildren.salford.gov.uk provides further information.
Safeguarding concerns about a person who may be vulnerable to radicalisation or being drawn into terrorism will be referred through the Prevent referral form at https://contactus.salford.gov.uk/?formtype=PREVENTREF
The Department for Education has launched a helpline for anyone concerned about a child who may be at risk of extremism, or about extremism within an organisation working with children and young people. Email: email@example.com. Telephone: 020 7340 7264.
10.9 Section 5B of the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (as inserted by section 74 of the Serious Crime Act 2015) places a statutory duty upon teachers along with regulated health and social care professionals in England and Wales, to report to the police where they discover (either through disclosure by the victim or visual evidence) that FGM appears to have been carried out on a girl under 18. Those failing to report such cases will face disciplinary sanctions. It will be rare for teachers to see visual evidence, and they should not be examining pupils, but the same definition of what is meant by “to discover that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out” is used for all professionals to whom this mandatory reporting duty applies. Information on when and how to make a report can be found at Mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation procedural information.
Teachers must personally report to the police cases where they discover that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out and discuss any such case with the school’s designated safeguarding lead and involve children’s social care as appropriate. The duty does not apply in relation to ‘at risk’ or suspected cases (i.e. where the teacher does not discover that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out, either through disclosure by the victim or visual evidence) or in cases where the woman is 18 or over. In these cases, teachers should follow local safeguarding procedures.
All staff will receive training on FGM and related issues, these will be tailored to meet the needs of our school community.
- Children and young people who are privately fostered can also sometimes require additional support. For more information about this see: https://safeguardingchildren.salford.gov.uk/professionals/private-fostering/
- Mental Health
All staff will be aware that mental health problems can, in some cases, be an indicator that a child has suffered or is at risk of suffering abuse, neglect or exploitation. (School Name) staff are well placed to observe children day-to-day and identify those whose behaviour suggests that they may be experiencing a mental health problem or be at risk of developing one.
Where children have suffered abuse and neglect, or other potentially traumatic adverse childhood experiences, this can have a lasting impact throughout childhood, adolescence and into adulthood. It is key that staff are aware of how these children’s experiences, can impact on their mental health, behaviour and education.
If staff have a mental health concern about a child that is also a safeguarding concern, immediate action will be taken and referring to the Designated Safeguarding Lead.
- Elective Home Education (EHE)
Many home educated children have an overwhelmingly positive learning
experience. However, this is not the case for all, and home education can mean some children are less visible to the services that are there to keep them safe and supported in line with their needs.Where a parent/carer has expressed their intention to remove a child from school, with a view to educating at home, the school will work together with the LA and other key professionals to, where possible, coordinate a meeting with parents/carers. Ideally, this would be before a final decision has been made, to ensure the parents/carers have considered what is in the best interests of each child; including where a child has SEND, is vulnerable, and/or has a social worker.
Other specific safeguarding issues are:
- Child sexual exploitation (CSE)
- Child criminal exploitation (CCE)
- Bullying including cyberbullying, prejudice-based and discriminatory bullying
- Domestic abuse *
- Drug and alcohol
- Fabricated or induced illness
- Faith abuse
- Honour based abuse
- child and early forced marriage
- female genital mutilation (FGM),
- breast ironing
- infant oral mutilation
- Illegal money lending and debt bondage
- Child gambling – including on-line
- Gangs, youth violence and county lines
- Gender-based violence/violence against women and girls (VAWG)
- Voyeurism – including ‘upskirting’
- Stalking and Mate Crime
- Mental health
- Online Safety and sexting
- Teenage relationship abuse
- Nitrous-oxide and vaporised alcohol misuse.
10.14 Knowing where children are during school hours is an extremely important aspect of Safeguarding. Missing school can be an indicator of abuse and neglect and may also raise concerns about other safeguarding issues, including the criminal exploitation of children.
This school monitors attendance carefully and will address poor or irregular attendance without delay.
The school will identify attendance issues and these will be discussed at the weekly safeguarding meeting.
We will always follow up with parents/carers when pupils are not at school. This means we need to have a least two up to date contact numbers for parents/carers. Parents should remember to update the school as soon as possible if the numbers change.
In response to the guidance in Keeping Children Safe in Education (2021) the school has:
- Staff who understand what to do when children do not attend regularly
- Appropriate policies, procedures and responses for pupils who go missing from education (especially on repeat occasions).
- Strategies in place to actively encourage disaffected and disengaged young people to re engage with education opportunities within the school.
- Staff who know the signs and triggers for travelling to conflict zones, FGM and forced marriage.
- Procedures to inform the local authority when we plan to take pupils off-roll when they:
- a) leave school to be home educated
- b) move away from the school’s location
- c) remain medically unfit beyond compulsory school age
- d) are in custody for four months or more (and will not return to school afterwards); or
- e) are permanently excluded
We will ensure that pupils who are expected to attend the school, but fail to take up the place will be referred to the local authority.
When a pupil leaves the school, we will record the name of the pupil’s new school and their expected start date.
10.15 Staff in this school will be aware that safeguarding issues can manifest themselves via peer on peer abuse. This is most likely to include, but not limited to:
- bullying (including racial bullying cyberbullying, prejudice-based and discriminatory bullying);
- physical abuse such as hitting, kicking, shaking, biting, hair pulling, or otherwise causing physical harm;
- sexual violence and sexual harassment;
- gender-based violence
- sexting (also known as youth produced sexual imagery); and
- initiation-type violence and rituals.
Abuse is abuse and should never be tolerated or passed off as “banter” or “part of growing up”. Different gender issues can be prevalent when dealing with peer on peer abuse. This could for example include girls being sexually touched/assaulted or boys being subject to initiation-type violence.
This school believes that all children have a right to attend school and learn in a safe environment. Children should be free from harm by adults in the school and other students.
At Brentnall Community Primary we will support the victims of peer on peer abuse by supporting them to identify their feelings, to create an action plan, to set smart targets. Pupils will be given a key person to liaise with. Staff will ensure that pupils who are victims of peer on peer abuse have regular opportunities to meet with their key person.
Safer schools, safer staff
- School staff will be advised about ensuring safe practice. All staff will be directed to consider the information at https://safeguardingchildren.salford.gov.uk/professionals/safe-working-practices/ This includes information about the importance of safer recruitment and best practice in providing a safe environment for children and young people.
- The school will make available to school staff information about ‘counselling’ and/or giving advice to children/young people about sexual matters.
- The school will ensure opportunities for staff to share perspectives and experiences with practitioners from other agencies.
- The school will recruit and select safe staff in compliance with DfE guidance and with the procedures set down by the Independent Safeguarding Authority.
- The disqualification by association rules no longer apply to teachers. However, staff will be reminded that their relationships and associations both within and outside of the workplace (including online) may have implications for the safeguarding of children in school and that school will be informed of any changes in their circumstances that may have implications for the safeguarding of the children. Staff will also be reminded that they may be considered to pose a risk of harm to children if, even out of school, they have behaved or may have behaved in a way that indicates they may not be suitable to work with children.
- Staff will be made aware of the current SSCP procedures for dealing with allegations of abuse against staff during staff safeguarding training and also displayed in accessible areas such as staff rooms.
- The school will make staff aware of the arrangements in respect of the following issues:
- The school taken to reduce the possibility of abuse by school staff and anyone else working within the school setting, the staff receive training including how to report
- Staff are made aware of what to do if they have concerns about the behaviour/conduct of the Head Teacher or other members of staff (including supply staff) and volunteers during safeguarding training and also on the staff drive under Safeguarding training.
- Where the school is not the employer of a member of staff (including supply teachers and volunteers) the school will ensure allegations are dealt with appropriately and will liaise with all relevant parties, employers and agencies including the local authority designated officer (LADO) to determine a suitable outcome.
- Staff receive training to ensure no pre-concieved judgments influence reporting safeguarding issues- See it- hear it- report it
- School staff are required to follow the staff conduct and behaviour policy which informs staff on physical contact with pupils.
If staff are concerned about the way safeguarding is carried out in the school they should refer to the Whistle-blowing policy and that a whistleblowing disclosure must be about something that affects the general public such as:
- a criminal offence has been committed, is being committed or is likely to be committed
- an legal obligation has been breached
- there has been a miscarriage of justice
- the health or safety of any individual has been endangered
- the environment has been damaged
- information about any of the above has been concealed
Appendix 1: Salford’s Threshold of Need and Response
Appendix 2: School Child Protection Procedures
- What Should Staff/Volunteers Do If They Have Concerns About A Child or Young Person in School?
Practitioners in schools who are concerned about a child’s welfare or who believe that a child is or may be at risk of harm from abuse or neglect should pass any information to the Designated Safeguarding Lead in school; this should always occur as soon as possible and certainly within 24 hours (see Flowchart at Appendix 3): The designated safeguarding lead or a deputy should always be available to discuss safeguarding concerns. If in exceptional circumstances, the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) is not available, this should not delay appropriate action being taken. Staff should consider speaking to a member of the senior leadership team and/or take advice from local children’s social care. In these circumstances, any action taken should be shared with the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) as soon as is practically possible.
The Designated Safeguarding Lead) is:
The Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead(s) for Child Protection are:
Lisa Carney & Rebecca Clyne
It is these senior colleagues who are responsible for taking action where the welfare or safety of children or young people is concerned. If staff are uncertain about whether their concerns are indeed ‘child protection’ then a discussion with their Designated Lead who will assist in determining the most appropriate next course of action. The multi agency Bridge Partnership team can also be consulted, where you will be able to speak to a qualified social worker if necessary for support and advice.
Staff should never:
- Do nothing/assume that another agency or practitioner will act or is acting.
- Attempt to resolve the matter themselves alone.
What should the Designated Safeguarding Lead consider right at the outset?
- Am I dealing with ‘risk’ or ‘need’? (By definition, a child at risk is also a child in need. However, what is the priority / level and immediacy of risk / need?)
- Can the level of need identified be met:
- In or by the school or by accessing universal services
- By undertaking a Early Help Assessment without referral to the Bridge Partnership
- By working with the child, parents and colleagues?
- What resources are available to the practitioner and the school and what are their limitations?
- Is the level of need such that a referral needs to be made to the Bridge Partnership which requests that an assessment of need be undertaken? (Section 17 Child in Need referral)
- Is the level and/or likelihood of risk such that a child protection referral needs to be made (i.e. a child is suffering or is likely to suffer significant harm? (Section 47 Child Protection referral)
- What information is available re: Child, Parents, Family & Environment?
- What information is inaccessible and, potentially, how significant might this be? For example has the parent/carer denied that there is a problem and failed to co-operate with the school in resolving the issue?
- Who do I/don’t I need to speak to now and what do they need to know?
- Where can I access appropriate advice and/or support?
- If I am not going to refer, then what action am I going to take? (e.g. time‑limited monitoring plan, discussion with parents or other practitioners, recording etc)
- Feedback to Staff Who Report Concerns to the Designated Safeguarding Lead
Rules of confidentiality mean that it may not always be possible or appropriate to feedback to staff who report concerns to them. Such information will be shared on the statutory ‘need to be involved’ basis only and the Designated Lead will decide which information needs to be shared, when and with whom. The primary purpose of confidentiality in this context is to safeguard and promote the child’s welfare.
- Thresholds for Referral to the Bridge Partnership
In making a decision about whether a referral to the Bridge Partnership may be required, there are two thresholds for (and their criteria) and types of referral that need to be carefully considered:
- Is this a Child In Need?
Under section 17 (s.17(10)) of the Children Act 1989, a child is in need if:
- They are unlikely to achieve or maintain, or to have the opportunity to achieve or maintain, a reasonable standard of health or development, without the provision of services by a local authority;
- Their health or development is likely to be impaired, or further impaired, without the provision of such services;
- They are disabled.
- Is this a Child Protection Matter?
Under section 47(1) of the Children Act 1989, a local authority has a duty to make enquiries where they are informed that a child who lives or is found in their area:
- is the subject of an Emergency Protection Order;
- is in Police Protection; or where they have
- reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering or is likely to suffer significant harm.
Therefore, it is the ‘significant harm’ threshold’ that justifies statutory intervention into family life. A practitioner making a child protection referral under s.47 must therefore provide information which clearly outlines that a child is suffering or is likely to suffer significant harm. The Designated Safeguarding Lead will make judgements around ‘significant harm’, levels of ‘need’ and when to refer. As part of the referral process, when children are being harmed in contexts outside the home, as much information as possible will be provided so all the evidence is available to enable a contextual approach to address such harm.
- Making Referrals to CSC (Guidance for Headteachers and Designated Safeguarding Leads) via the online Salford City Council’s portal and information hub for services to Children, Young people and families at https://childrensportalehm.salford.gov.uk/web/portal/pages/home
- When making a referral the DSL will need to identify if they are referring a:
- Child Protection Matter, Threshold 4 or,
- Requesting Support for a Child or Family with Needs, Threshold 2 and 3.
- If it is a Child Protection referral this should be a child(ren) at risk of significant harm (Getting Risk Support/Threshold Level 4). Consent should be gained where it is appropriate, however this can be overridden if appropriate. The school/DSL will be asked to advise what measures are in place to increase the child(ren)’s safety ahead of The Bridge Partnership contacting the family.
- If it is a Child(ren) requiring support (Getting Help, Getting More Help / Threshold Levels 2 and 3), consent should have been gained in advance of making the referral. The school/DSL will be asked how they will be continuing to support the family.
- The Voice of the Child / family has been a focus in the development of the online Bridge Partnership referral process and the Bridge Partnership will want to know:
- What is their lived experience?
- What is it they want to happen?
(i) Child in Need/Section 17 Referrals
- Where an Early Help Assessment already exists, the DSL should send this with the referral to the Bridge Partnership assessment to Bridge along with any Team around the Family minutes.
- This is a request for assessment/support/services and, as such, you should obtain the consent of the parent(s) (and child/young person where appropriate).
- Where a parent/carer/young person refuses to consent, you should make clear your ongoing plans and responsibilities in respect of support, monitoring etc, and the possibility of a child protection referral at some point in future if things deteriorate or do not improve. (This is not about threats or saying that this is inevitable but about openness and transparency in dealings with parents).
(ii) Child Protection/Section 47 Referral
- Make a telephone call to the Bridge Partnership and forward for consideration.
- If a Family Assessment exists this should be forwarded to the Bridge Partnership as soon as possible, and certainly within 48 hours along with any Team around the Family minutes..
- You do not require the consent of a parent or child/young person to make a child protection referral
- A parent should, under most circumstances, be informed by the referrer that a child protection referral is to be made. The criteria for not informing parents are:
- Because this would increase the risk of significant harm to a child(ren); or
- Because, in the referrer’s professional opinion, to do so might impede an investigation that may need to be undertaken;
- Because there would be an undue delay caused by seeking consent which would not serve the child’s best interests.
Fear of jeopardising a working relationship with parents because of a need to refer is notsufficient justification for not making a referral nor for not telling them that you need to refer. Lack of openness will do little to foster ongoing trust, particularly as the source of referrals will be disclosed to parents except in a limited number of circumstances. If you feel that your own or another adult’s immediate safety would be placed at risk by informing parents then you should seek advice and/or make this clear on the Family Assessment and in any telephone contact with the Bridge Partnership.
- Bridge Partnership Responses to Referrals and Timescales
In response to a referral, the Bridge Partnership may decide to:
- Provide advice to the referrer and/or child/family;
- Refer on to another agency who can provide services;
- Convene a Strategy Meeting ;
- Provide support services under Section 17;
- Undertake an social work assessment(completed within 45 working days);
- Convene an Initial Child Protection Conference (within 15 working days of a Strategy Meeting)
- Accommodate the child under Section 20 (with parental consent);
- Make an application to court for an Order;
- Take no further action
- Feedback from the Bridge Partnership
The Bridge Partnership has 24 hours within which to make a decision about a course of action in response to a referral. A Designated Safeguarding Lead should expect to receive written confirmation about action following any referral within 7 days. If you do not receive any (same day) verbal feedback following an urgent child protection referral, and where this places school/a child or children in a vulnerable position, you should ask to speak to a Duty Social Worker, or the relevant Team Manager.
- Risk Assessment ‘Checklist’
- Does/could the suspected harm meet the Working Together 2018 definitions of abuse?
- Are there cultural, linguistic or disability issues?
- Am I wrongly attributing something to impairment?
- Does the chronology indicate any possible patterns which could/do impact upon the level of risk?
- Are any injuries or incidents acute, cumulative, episodic?
- Did any injuries result from spontaneous action, neglect, or intent?
- Explanations consistent with injuries/behaviour?
- Severity and duration of any harm?
- Effects upon the child’s health/development?
- Immediate/longer term effects?
- Likelihood of recurrence?
- Child’s reaction?
- Child’s perception of the harm?
- Child’s needs wishes and feelings?
- Parent’s/carer’s attitudes/response to concerns?
- How willing are they to cooperate?
- What does the child mean to the family?
- What role does the child play?
- Possible effects of intervention?
- Protective factors and strengths of/for child(I.e. resilience/vulnerability)
- Familial strengths and weaknesses?
- When and how is the child at risk?
- How imminent is any likely risk?
- How grave are the possible consequences?
- How safe is this child?
- What are the risk assessment options?
- What are the risk management options?
- What is the interim plan?
Appendix 3: Taking action on child welfare/protection concerns in school
Appendix 4: Responding to a disclosure
If a child wants to confide in you, you SHOULD
- Be accessible and receptive;
- Listen carefully and uncritically, at the child’s pace;
- Take what is said seriously;
- Reassure children that they are right to tell;
- Tell the child that you must pass this information on;
- Make sure that the child is ok ;
- Make a careful record of what was said
You should NEVER
- Investigate or seek to prove or disprove possible abuse;
- Make promises about confidentiality or keeping ‘secrets’ to children;
- Assume that someone else will take the necessary action;
- Jump to conclusions, be dismissive or react with shock, anger, horror etc;
- Speculate or accuse anybody;
- Investigate, suggest or probe for information;
- Confront another person (adult or child) allegedly involved;
- Offer opinions about what is being said or the persons allegedly involved;
- Forget to record what you have been told;
- Fail to pass this information on to the correct person (the Designated Child Protection Person).
- Involve those who do not need to be involved. Only those such as the designated safeguarding lead (or a deputy) and children’s social care need to involved.
Children with communication difficulties, or who use alternative / augmentative communication systems
- While extra care may be needed to ensure that signs of abuse and neglect are interpreted correctly, any suspicions should be reported in exactly the same manner as for other children;
- Opinion and interpretation will be crucial (be prepared to be asked about the basis for it and to possibly have its validity questioned if the matter goes to court).
- Use of signers or interpreters
- State who was present, time, date and place;
- Be written in ink and be signed by the recorder;
- Be passed to the Designated Safeguarding Lead or Head Teacher immediately (certainly within 24 hours);
- Use the child’s words wherever possible;
- Be factual/state exactly what was said;
- Differentiate clearly between fact, opinion, interpretation, observation and/or allegation.
What information do you need to obtain?
- Schools have no investigative role in child protection (Police and the Bridge Partnership will investigate possible abuse very thoroughly and in great detail, they will gather evidence and test hypotheses – leave this to them!);
- Never prompt or probe for information, your job is to listen, record and pass on;
- Ideally, you should be clear about what is being said in terms of who, what, where and when;
- The question which you should be able to answer at the end of the listening process is ‘might this be a child protection matter?’;
- If the answer is yes, or if you’re not sure, record and pass on immediately to the Designated Safeguarding Lead /Head Teacher/line manager or consult directly with the Bridge Partnership.
If you do need to ask questions, what is and isn’t OK?
- Never ask closed questions i.e. ones which children can answer yes or no to e.g. Did he touch you?
- Never make suggestions about who, how or where someone is alleged to have touched, hit etc e.g. top or bottom, front or back?
- If we must, use only ‘minimal prompts’ such as ‘go on … tell me more about that … tell me everything that you remember about that … … ‘
- Timescales are very important: ‘When was the last time this happened?’ is an important question.
What else should we think about in relation to disclosure?
- Is there a place in school which is particularly suitable for listening to children e.g. not too isolated, easily supervised, quiet etc;
- We need to think carefully about our own body language – how we present will dictate how comfortable a child feels in telling us about something which may be extremely frightening, difficult and personal;
- Be prepared to answer the ‘what happens next’ question;
- We should never make face-value judgements or assumptions about individual children. For example, we ‘know that [child…………] tells lies’;
- Think about how you might react if a child DID approach you in school. We need to be prepared to offer a child in this position exactly what they need in terms of protection, reassurance, calmness and objectivity;
- Think about what support you could access if faced with this kind of situation in school.
Appendix 5: What is abuse and neglect?
All school and college staff should be aware that abuse, neglect and safeguarding issues are rarely standalone events that can be covered by one definition or label. In most cases multiple issues will overlap with one another. Abuse is a form of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm, or by failing to act to prevent harm. Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting, by those known to them or, more rarely, by others (e.g via the internet). They may be abused by an adult or adults, or another child or children.
Definitions of child abuse
There are four types of child abuse.
- Physical Abuse
- Emotional Abuse
- Sexual Abuse/ Child Sexual Exploitation
Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.
Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the child’s emotional development. It may involve conveying to children that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person. It may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate. It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are beyond the child’s developmental capability, as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interaction. It may involve seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another. It may involve serious bullying (including cyberbullying, prejudice-based and discriminatory bullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, though it may occur alone.
Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for example, rape or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and touching outside of clothing. They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet). Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males. Women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.
Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development.
Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to: provide adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment)
- protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger
- ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers)
- ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment.
It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.
Signs of abuse
Recognising child abuse is not easy. Sometimes the signs are not obvious and sometimes signs that appear to be indicative of abuse can be due to other causes. Therefore it is very important that you use these signs to help you think about the concerns you have and how you will describe these when making a referral or consulting with the Bridge Partnership team.
These definitions and indicators only serve as a guide to assist you. Remember that children may exhibit some of these indicators at some time, and that the presence of one or more is not necessarily proof that abuse is occurring. There may be other reasons for changes in behaviour such as bereavement, significant changes in family relationships, including the birth of a new baby in the family or problems between parents/carers.
It is not your responsibility to decide whether or not child abuse has taken place or if a child is at significant risk of harm from someone. You do, however, have a responsibility and duty to act in order that the appropriate agencies can investigate and take any necessary action to protect a child. The social worker or police officer will always want to understand your concerns about the child in the context of the child’s development and relationships.
The following information should help you to be more alert to the signs of possible abuse and to provide the necessary information when reporting your concerns.
Most children in daily life will collect cuts and bruises. But each child is different and any perceived injuries should be interpreted in light of:
- the child’s medical and social history
- the child’s developmental stage
- the explanation given for the injury
Most accidental bruises are seen over bony parts of the body, e.g. elbows, knees, shins, and often on the front of the body.
Important indicators of physical abuse are bruises or injuries that are either unexplained or inconsistent with the explanation given, or visible on the ‘soft’ parts of the body where accidental injuries are unlikely, e g, cheeks, abdomen, back and buttocks.
The physical signs of abuse may include:
- Bruising, marks or injuries on any part of the body that are unexplained or not consistent with the explanation given for them
- Injuries which occur to the body especially in clusters and in places which are not normally exposed to falls or rough games
- Injuries which have not received medical attention or there has been a delay in getting medical attention (although note that burn injuries are often delayed in presentation due to blistering taking place some time later)
- Cigarette burns
- Human bite marks
- Broken bones
- Multiple burns
Changes in behaviour that can also indicate physical abuse:
- fear of parents being approached for an explanation
- fear of further enquiries being made
- aggressive behaviour or severe temper outbursts
- flinching when approached or touched
- reluctance to get changed, for example in hot weather, or to participate in games or swimming
- withdrawn behaviour
- running away from home or school
Emotional abuse can be difficult to identify, as there may be no outward physical signs.
There may be a developmental delay due to a failure to thrive and grow – but this will usually only be evident if the child puts on weight in other circumstances, for example when hospitalised or away from their parents’ care.
Children who appear well-cared for may nevertheless be emotionally abused by being taunted, put down or belittled. They may receive little or no love, affection or attention from their parents or carers.
Emotional Abuse can occur when Domestic Abuse happens in the presence of children. Hearing or seeing domestic abuse can have a traumatic effect on children.
Emotional abuse can also take the form of children not being allowed to mix or play with other children.
Changes in behaviour or presentation which can indicate emotional abuse include:
- Depression, aggression, extreme anxiety, changes or regression in mood or behaviour, particularly where a child withdraws or becomes clingy
- Neurotic behaviour e.g. sulking, hair twisting, rocking
- Obsessions or phobias
- Sudden underachievement or lack of concentration
- Seeking adult attention and not mixing well with other children
- Sleep or speech disorders
- Negative statements about self
- Extreme shyness or passivity
- Running away, stealing and lying
- Being unable to play
- Fear of making mistakes
- Sudden speech disorders
- Fear of parent being approached regarding their behaviour
- Developmental delay in terms of emotional progress
- Reporting parental violence or discord (i.e. exposure to domestic abuse)
Sexual abuse is known to take place against children and young people of all ages, including infants and toddlers.
Usually, in cases of sexual abuse it is the child’s behaviour that may cause you to become concerned, although physical signs can also be present.
Children who tell about sexual abuse do so because they want it to stop. It is important, therefore, that they are listened to and taken seriously.
Children and Young people are frequently sexually exploited by individuals or groups who ignore the fact that the individual child or young person does not have the legal capacity to consent – either because of age or, with older young people, the cognitive capacity to consent. The young person is groomed into believing a relationship is genuine and then made to believe they have willingly entered into a sexualised relationship. They are then blackmailed and threatened and forced into being sexually exploited against their will.
It is not just adult men who sexually abuse children – there are increasing numbers of allegations of sexual abuse of children against women and sexual abuse can also be perpetrated by other children or young people.
The physical signs of sexual abuse may include:
- pain or itching in the genital area
- bruising or bleeding near genital area
- sexually transmitted disease
- vaginal discharge or infection
- repeated urinary infections
- stomach pains
- discomfort when walking or sitting down
Changes in behaviour or presentation which can also indicate sexual abuse include:
- any allegation by the child of sexual abuse
- sudden or unexplained changes in behaviour e.g. becoming aggressive or withdrawn
- fear of being left with a specific person or group of people
- having nightmares and severe or persistent sleep disturbance
- running away from home
- sexual knowledge beyond their age or developmental level; preoccupation with sexual matters
- sexual activity through drawings, language or play
- eating problems such as overeating or anorexia
- self-harm or mutilation, sometimes leading to suicide attempts
- saying they have secrets they cannot tell anyone about
- substance or drug abuse
- suddenly having unexplained sources of money
- not being allowed to have friends (particularly in adolescence)
- acting in a sexually explicit way towards adults
Neglect can be a difficult form of abuse to recognise but it has some of the most lasting and damaging effects on children.
The physical signs of neglect may include:
- constant or frequent hunger, sometimes stealing food
- constantly dirty or ‘smelly’
- loss of weight, or constantly underweight
- inappropriate clothing for the conditions.
- Frequent diarrhoea
- Untreated illnesses, injuries or physical complaints
Changes in behaviour or presentation which can also indicate neglect may include:
- frequent tiredness
- not requesting medical assistance and/or failing to attend appointments
- having few friends
- mentioning being left alone or unsupervised.
Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) and Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE)
Both CSE and CCE are forms of abuse and both occur where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance in power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child into sexual or criminal activity. Whilst age may be the most obvious, this power imbalance can also be due to a range of other factors including gender, sexual identity, cognitive ability, physical strength, status, and access to economic or other resources. In some cases, the abuse will be in exchange for something the victim needs or wants and/or will be to the financial benefit or other advantage (such as increased status) of the perpetrator or facilitator. The abuse can be perpetrated by individuals or groups, males or females, and children or adults. The abuse can be a one-off occurrence or a series of incidents over time, and range from opportunistic to complex organised abuse. It can involve force and/or enticement-based methods of compliance and may, or may not, be accompanied by violence or threats of violence. Victims can be exploited even when activity appears consensual and it should be noted exploitation as well as being physical can be facilitated and/or take place online. More information including definitions and indicators are included in Annex B of Keeping Children Safe in Education.
Indicators of child criminal and sexual exploitation may include:
- Acquisition of money, clothes, mobile phones, etc. without plausible explanation;
- Gang-association and/or isolation from peers/social networks;
- Exclusion or unexplained absences from school, college or work;
- Leaving home/care without explanation and persistently going missing or returning late;
- Excessive receipt of texts/phone calls;
- Returning home under the influence of drugs/alcohol;
- Inappropriate sexualised behaviour for age/sexually transmitted infections;
- Evidence of/suspicions of physical or sexual assault;
- Relationships with controlling or significantly older individuals or groups;
- Multiple callers (unknown adults or peers);
- Frequenting areas known for sex work;
- Concerning use of internet or other social media;
- Increasing secretiveness around behaviours; and
- Self-harm or significant changes in emotional well-being.
- suffering from changes in emotional well-being;
Relating to CSE
- children who suffer from sexually transmitted infections or become pregnant
Potential vulnerabilities include:
Although the following vulnerabilities increase the risk of child sexual exploitation, it must be remembered that not all children with these indicators will be exploited. Child sexual exploitation can occur without any of these issues.
- Having a prior experience of neglect, physical and/or sexual abuse;
- Lack of a safe/stable home environment, now or in the past (domestic abuse or parental substance misuse, mental health issues or criminality, for example);
- Recent bereavement or loss;
- Social isolation or social difficulties;
- Absence of a safe environment to explore sexuality;
- Economic vulnerability;
- Homelessness or insecure accommodation status;
- Connections with other children and young people who are being sexually exploited;
- Family members or other connections involved in adult sex work;
- Having a physical or learning disability;
- Being in care (particularly those in residential care and those with interrupted care histories); and
- Sexual identity.
All staff will be aware of the indicators, which may signal children are at risk
from, or are involved with serious violent crime including:
- increased absence from school
- a change in friendships or relationships with older individuals or groups
- a significant decline in performance
- signs of self-harm or a significant change in wellbeing
- signs of assault or unexplained injuries
Unexplained gifts or new possessions could also indicate that children have been approached by, or are involved with, individuals associated with criminal networks or gangs and may be at risk of criminal exploitation.
All staff will also be aware of the range of risk factors which increase the likelihood of involvement in serious violence, such as:
- being male
- having been frequently absent or permanently excluded from school
- having experienced child maltreatment
- having been involved in offending, such as theft or robbery
In April 2021, the Domestic Abuse Act 2021 received Royal Assent and introduced a statutory definition for the first time.
The Domestic Abuse Act 2021 (Part 1) defines domestic abuse as any of the following behaviours, either as a pattern of behaviour, or as a single incident, between two people over the age of 16, who are ‘personally connected’ to each other:
(a) physical or sexual abuse;
(b) violent or threatening behaviour;
(c) controlling or coercive behaviour;
(d) economic abuse (adverse effect of the victim to acquire, use or maintain money or other property; or obtain goods or services); and
(e) psychological, emotional or other abuse.
People are ‘personally connected’ when they are, or have been, married to each other or civil partners; or have agreed to marry or become civil partners. If the two people have been in an intimate relationship with each other, have shared parental responsibility for the same child, or they are relatives.
The definition of Domestic Abuse applies to children if they see or hear, or experience the effects of, the abuse; and they are related to the abusive person.
(The definition is available: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2021/17/part/1/enacted )
Types of domestic abuse include intimate partner violence, abuse by family members, teenage relationship abuse and child/adolescent to parent violence and abuse. Anyone can be a victim of domestic abuse, regardless of sexual identity, age, ethnicity, socio-economic status, sexuality or background and domestic abuse can take place inside or outside of the home.
Annex B of ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education 2021’ contains additional information about specific forms of abuse
Appendix 6: Greater Manchester Safeguarding Children Procedures Manual
- Information Sharing and Recording
|2.1||Policy for the Secure Handling of Protected Information||Updated|
|2.3||Data Protection, Information Sharing and Confidentiality||Updated|
|2.4||Retention of Records||Updated|
|2.6||Electronic and Digital Recording of Meetings and Conversations|
|2.7||Use of Social Media Sites by Staff||New|
- Children in Specific Circumstances
6 Managing Individuals who Pose a Risk of Harm to Children
Appendix 7: Operation Encompass- Processes and Procedures
(To be added upon completion and agreement)
Designated Safeguarding Lead
Key Adult (if different to the DSL)
Designated Safeguarding Lead
Deputy Key Adult (if different to the Deputy DSL)
Operation Encompass operates in the majority of police forces across England. It helps
police and schools work together to provide emotional and practical help to children. The
system ensures that when police are called to an incident in which a child or young person has been involved in or been exposed to an incident of domestic violence or abuse. the police will inform the key adult (usually the designated safeguarding lead) in school prior to 9.00 am before the child or children arrive at school the following day. This ensures that the school has up to date relevant information about the child’s circumstances and can enable silent or overt support to be given to the child according to their needs.
Operation Encompass does not replace or supersede existing safeguarding processes or protocols, rather it seeks to support these operationally. The Protocol will be followed in conjunction with Salford’s Safeguarding Children Board/Salford Safeguarding Partnership.
By sharing information under the Encompass model, children and young people who are experiencing domestic abuse will have access to responsive support after a domestic abuse incident. The school will receive information when:
- Police have been called out to a domestic abuse incident
- The child is present in the household at the time of the incident
- The child is of school age
Sharing this information in a timely manner via Operation Encompass enables the provision of immediate early intervention through silent or overt support, dependent upon the needs and wishes of the child.
|SILENT SUPPORT EXAMPLES||OVERT SUPPORT EXAMPLES|
|· Flexible application of school rules for example uniform, homework etc.
· Understanding and flexibility in expectations in terms of:-
– School Work
· Opportunities for one-to-one time with teacher to provide opportunities to talk for example ‘helping with a job’
· Review lesson plans to ensure appropriateness for the child on the day
· Systems for spare uniform, lunch etc.
· Child knowing who they can talk to
· Checking collection arrangements at the end of the school day
|· Using tools to understand child experiences, for example 3 Houses. More resources are available here.
· Talking to parents
· Use the Early Help Assessment process to access additional support
· Develop safety planning with the child
· ‘Healthy Relationships’ class sessions (EG Real Loves Rocks)
· Consult with the School Coordinator
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS – INFORMATION SHARING AND STORAGE
Section 11(2) of the Children Act, 2004 requires Local Authorities and the Police to safeguard and promote the welfare of the children. This enactment provides conditions under the Data Protection Act 2018 by which personal and sensitive personal data may be lawfully shared.
Personal data sharing must be proportionate, necessary but not excessive, and must be balanced with the consideration of privacy rights under the Human Rights Act. It must take into account any duty of confidentiality owed. A public interest in disclosure must outweigh an individual`s right to privacy.
The basis on which sharing of information of this type may be justified by police is section 11(2) Children Act 2004 which requires that policing bodies (together with a number of other specified public bodies) discharge their functions having regard to the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
This duty however, will be considered in line with the provisions of the Data Protection Act 2018 and the right to private and family life under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
This protocol has been developed taking into account the duty to safeguard children and the requirements of the most recent Information Sharing – Advice for providing safeguarding services to children, young people, parents and carers 2018
It is recognised that the handling of such confidential and sensitive information needs to be dealt with in a way that is proportionate and appropriate to the needs of the child or young person. To address this, the school has identified a Key Adult and a deputy to handle the confidential and sensitive information.
The Encompass information is stored in accordance with the requirements for the storage of safeguarding/child protection files. Where a child already has such a record, Encompass information will be included within the record.
The Key Adult will be the person available each day to receive the details of the incident and assess the type of support needed for the child.
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Police officers will attend a domestic incident, manage the immediate risks, and complete the Domestic Abuse Stalking Harassment (DASH) risk assessment at the scene of the incident. The DASH risk assessment will not be shared with the school, rather a short summary will be provided by the police with respect to the child or young person and will include: –
- The name, age, date of birth, home address and school attended of the child.
- The time/ date/location of the incident and details of those involved in the incident, their relationship to the child and the child`s involvement in the incident.
- An overview of what happened during the incident and the outcome.
This information will be disseminated via email to the school by the officer attending the incident, prior to retiring from duty. The officer will then place a line on the DAB (Domestic Abuse) record within IOPS (Integrated Operating Police Operating System) acknowledging that the information has been sent.
Incidents occurring on Friday, Saturday, Sunday or Bank Holiday will be reported to the school during these times and will be available on the next working morning for the Key Adult.
Notifications to the Key Adult will continue to be made during the school holiday periods, however, it is recognised that an immediate response cannot be made. This information will be used to understand any significant issues for the child on their return to school.
A disclosure will be made in respect of all children aged between 4 and 17 years who are in full-time education. Police will maintain a record of the log number, and the school to whom it has been disseminated and the date of dissemination.
- SCHOOLS’ RESPONSIBILITY
The School will identify the Key Adult and Deputy responsible for the OE information in the school. (This role is best placed with the Designated Safeguarding Lead and their deputy as both have received training in child safeguarding).
The school’s Key Adult or Deputy will check the notifications each morning.
The Headteacher and Key Adult will ensure that there is a sufficiently trained deputy to receive the information in the Key Adult’s absence.
The School’s Encompass mailbox will be checked every morning and reviewed as needed, as notifications of incidents can be made at any time, dependent on when a domestic abuse incident occurs.
The school will record the information received from the police using the same processes used to store child protection records within the school. The school will also record the outcomes and impact of any actions taken or put in place.
The schools is aware that in the event of any domestic homicide or serious case review the documents may be required for disclosure purposes.
Child Absence Following an Incident
Where a notification is made and a child is not in school, the school will consider the following:
- The school will review the information within the police notification in the context of what is already known about the child, giving consideration to any safety or welfare concerns that have been recorded prior to receiving the police information.
- The schools key adult will call home and follow up as per attendance protocols. Consideration should be given to undertake a home visit, with another member of staff.
- Where the /Key Adult in the school cannot contact the parents or carer, and have not received notification why the child is absent, the next steps will be considered and actions may include: –
- Home Visit – After undertaking a risk assessment, the school may consider, at the discretion of the Head Teacher, carrying out a home visit to see the child. Subsequently, if concerns or risks to the child’s safety are identified during the home visit, referrals to Children’s Social Care and the Police may need to be made.
- Referral to Children’s Social Care – Dependent upon the circumstances of the incident and the parental response to contact, the Key Adult (following discussion with the Designated Safeguarding Lead where required) will make a referral to the Bridge.
When the child returns back to school, the key adult will revisit the offer of parent/child support.
Working with Parents
The school is signed up to the protocol to raise parents’ awareness of Encompass. (See Appendix letter to parents and carers)
Many victims who experience domestic abuse want to tell someone about their experiences and are looking for help. Being involved with Encompass may mean that more parents who are experiencing domestic abuse are likely to contact the Key Adult as a source of support. The majority of support to parents will take the form of a listening ear and signposting to local Domestic Abuse services. There may be occasions however, when the information received by the Key Adult requires immediate direct action; either because the risk to the parent and child is immediate and high, or because the parent is asking for help to leave the violence.
Where there is an immediate risk of harm to the parent and/or the child the police will be contacted, and in an emergency, this will always be 999.
Where a parent is seeking help and support to flee abuse or to take other measures to protect themselves, contact can be made with Victim Support or SIDASS using the following details:
Telephone number: 0300 303 0162 or 0161 200 1950
If there is uncertainty around a referral to Victim Support/SIDASS contact should be made with the Bridge Partnership 0161 603 4500
Multi-agency Risk Assessment Conference (MARAC) and Encompass
MARAC is a victim-focused meeting where information is shared on the highest risk cases of domestic abuse between criminal justice, health, children’s services, education, housing practitioners, IDVAs (Independent Domestic Violence Advocate) as well as other specialists from the statutory and voluntary sectors. The aim of MARAC is to share information, understand the level of risk to the individual and relevant others (including children) and develop a risk management plan. MARAC meets every week in Salford.
There may be occasions where parents of children notified to schools via the Encompass process have been referred to MARAC. Where the school identifies that they may have additional and relevant information to share with MARAC, the school will contact the Bridge Partnership.
Will the Police refer to Bridge Partnership every time they attend a DA callout where a child is present?
Police agreed referral criteria with Bridge Partnership;
A referral to Children’s Services needs to be actioned by the attending Officer in respect of Domestic Abuse incidents (recorded as a DAB on IOPS – Integrated Operating Police Operating System) when:
A crime has been submitted & a child was present at/normally resides at the address
OR This incident is the 3rd reported incident in last 12 months
OR It is a child caller to Police/Emergency Services
OR When either the victim or perpetrator is known to be pregnant
OR When there is a child abuse marker (CA) on the address
OR The incident involves a perpetrator subject to licence or Community Order
OR If previous incidents were referred to the Bridge Partnership – even if the Police Officer did not consider that any of the above criteria were met.
The remaining DV incidents are DV incidents where no crime is alleged, i.e. verbal argument only and the other listed criteria are not realised. Therefore, once Encompass has become live, Police will only be sending a notification through Encompass and not to the Bridge Partnership social care.
Operation Encompass will notify schools of all incidents and therefore schools will be able to build up a picture of the context a child is living in.
Encompass Parents Awareness Letter (template)
Re: Operation Encompass
The school has been given the opportunity to take part in a project that will run jointly between schools and Greater Manchester Police.
Operation Encompass has been designed to provide early reporting to schools, i.e. prior to 9 .00 a.m. on the next school day, of any domestic abuse incidents that occur outside of school, but which might have an impact on a child attending school the following day. During the school term this information will be shared on school days. When incidents occur on a Friday, Saturday or a Sunday, the police will contact the relevant school the following Monday.
A nominated member of school staff, known as a Key Adult, will be trained to liaise with the police. At insert school name our Key Adult is insert details. They will be able to use information that has been shared with them, in confidence, to ensure that the school is able to support children and their families. Information will be shared where it is identified that a child or young person was present, witnessed or was involved in a domestic abuse incident.
We always endeavour to offer the best support possible to our pupils and believe that Operation Encompass is going to be beneficial and supportive for all concerned; children and families
Some information about Encompass is included in this letter but if you would like more information about this new initiative, details can be viewed online at insert details or you can contact our Key Adult at school insert details.
Thank you for your continued support
Chair of Governors Head Teacher
Operation Encompass – Key Adult Responsibilities and Checklist
|The Key Adult has attended the Encompass briefing and is part of the Senior Leadership Team with Child Protection responsibility.|
|The Key Adult must ensure that they have access to the Encompass mailbox along with a deputy in case of absence.|
|Encompass records are managed and stored in the same way as other Child Protection records, in a permission restricted electronic folder or secure and locked cabinet/drawer.|
|The Key Adult can identify a person who can deputise in their absence; the deputy is confident in understanding all aspects of the Encompass model.|
|The Key Adult will ensure that all teaching staff understand the confidential nature of any information passed to them and that this information must be treated in the same way as any other Child Protection information given by other partners such as Social Care.|
|The Headteacher/Key Adult will inform parents that the school is part of Encompass, using the exemplar letter template provided, which can be amended to meet the school’s individual requirements.|
|The Headteacher/Key Adult will inform the Governing Body that the school is part of Encompass and the Governor with responsibility for Safeguarding should have a working knowledge of the project and impact within the school.|
|The Key Adult will include information about Encompass in the school’s prospectus and safeguarding policies, thus ensuring that all parents are informed of the school’s involvement.|
|The Key Adult will include information about Encompass on the school’s website.|
|Police Reference Number (FWIN – Force Wide Incident Number)||Date|
|Child’s name and age & DOB|
|Date and time of incident
|Circumstances of incident:
|Additional school information including other Encompass contacts:
|Actions taken and Impact:
Operation Encompass Police Log Sheet